The Greenhouses

The Palm House, built in 1982 has the height of 22 meters and the floor area of 500 m2. There are 58 species of palm trees originating from America, Africa, Asia and Europe. The highest palm is the California fan palm (Washingtonia filifera).  There is gorgeous liana bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra) climbing along the balcony. Under the bananas there is a pool with fish and tortoises.
 
The subtropical house displays plants of subtropics from all over the world. The big fir-like tree is Araucaria cunninghami from Australia.
 
In the tropical house the main goal is to expose the representatives from tropical America. Some of them are grown from seeds and seedlings brought directly from expeditions. The tropical climate zone has no seasons and the changes in the amount of rainfall and temperature are minimal. We expose tropical epiphytes – bromelias and orchids, lianas and trees. 
 
The collection of succulents introduces plants that have become adapted to life in dry climate, bright sunlight and strong winds. In order to survive plants have their means of protection – a strong covering or cuticula, wax layer, hairs and spikes, deep ribs. Leaves can be thick and coriaceous, or indeed transformed into hair.  The stem has become the tissue that preserves and assimilates water. The homes of such plants, with minor exceptions, are Africa and Central and South America. The African cactuses are the following – Aloe, Crassula, Euphorbiaceae. The representatives of the New World are Cactacea, Agavaceae. The oldest plants here are the 80-year old Golden barrel cacti (Echinocactus grusonii). The succulents from the genera Allaudia and Pachypodium, originating from Madagascar, have a peculiar exterior.